Alaska is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America. The Canadian administrative divisions of British Columbia and Yukon border the state to the east, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas–the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest state in the United States by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America, its population (the total estimated at 738,432 by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2015[5]) more than quadrupling the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)741,894
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)710,249
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)4.50
Population, Census, April 1, 2010710,231
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20107.60
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201026.40
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 20107.70
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201048.00
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201066.70
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20103.30
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 201014.80
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20105.40
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20101.00
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20107.30
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)5.50
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201064.10
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-201569,323
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20157.40
Housing units, April 1, 2010306,967
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201563.40
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015250,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,827
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015554
Median gross rent, 2011-20151,146
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-2015250,969
Persons per household, 2011-2015281.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201580.90
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201516.20
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201592.10
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201528.00
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20158.10
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent16.40
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201567.70
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201565.00
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)2,221,335
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)6,375,483
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)0
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)5,216,303
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)10,474,275
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)14,320
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201519
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201572,515
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201533,413
Persons in poverty, percent10.30
All firms, 201268,032
Men-owned firms, 201235,402
Women-owned firms, 201222,141
Minority-owned firms, 201213,688
Nonminority-owned firms, 201213,688
Veteran-owned firms, 20127,953
Nonveteran-owned firms, 201256,091
Population per square mile, 20101
Land area in square miles, 2010570,641