Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th-most extensive and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. At nearly 1,500 miles (2,400 km), Alabama has one of the nation's longest navigable inland waterways.

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Regional Marketplace Alabama (Coming Soon)
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Employer Education Credit Job Training

Tax credits are available to businesses that provide approved basic skills education to Alabama resident employees. The credit is 20% of the actual costs, limited to the employer’s income tax liability. Certain requirements must be met.

Full Employment Act of 2011 Tax Credits

Businesses with 50 or fewer employees may receive a one-time, non-refundable tax credit equal to $1,000 for every new job created earning over $10 per hour.

Alabama Renewal Act: Port Credit Tax Credits

This discretionary program offers a one-time tax credit for increased usage of Alabama public ports. The credit is up to $50 per TEU, $3 per net ton or $0.04 per net kilogram. The credit may be taken against Alabama income tax liability and can be carried forward for five years. New distribution or warehouse shippers investing at least $20 million and creating at least 75 net new jobs are eligible to receive up to $100 per TEU over a 3-year period if entering into a project agreement with the state.

Jobs Act Incentives Tax Credits

This discretionary program offers credits for job creation and capital investment. To qualify, businesses that operate chemical manufacturing, data center, metal/machining or toolmaking, engineering, design, and research facilities must create net new jobs but are not subject to a specific minimum job creation requirement. Businesses that do not operate within the aforementioned industry sectors must create a minimum of 50 jobs (25 in a Targeted County).

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)4,863,300
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)4,780,131
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)1.70
Population, Census, April 1, 20104,779,736
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.40
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201023.70
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201013.80
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.50
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201068.50
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20102.62
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.60
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20101.10
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 201010.00
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.50
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)3.90
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201067.00
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015363,170
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20153.50
Housing units, April 1, 20102,171,853
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201568.70
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015125,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,139
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015345
Median gross rent, 2011-2015717
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20151,848,325
Persons per household, 2011-2015255.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201585.30
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20155.20
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201584.30
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201523.50
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-201511.80
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent11.90
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201558.00
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201553.00
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)7,576,462
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)26,039,632
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)124,809,759
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)57,746,565
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)58,564,965
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)12,145
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201524
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201543,623
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201524,091
Persons in poverty, percent18.50
All firms, 2012374,153
Men-owned firms, 2012203,604
Women-owned firms, 2012137,630
Minority-owned firms, 201292,219
Nonminority-owned firms, 201292,219
Veteran-owned firms, 201241,943
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012316,984
Population per square mile, 201094
Land area in square miles, 201050,645