Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States.[10] Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita. Kansas is named after the Kansa Native American tribe, which inhabited the area.[11] The tribe's name (natively kkÄ…:ze) is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning.[12][13] For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)2,907,289
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)2,853,129
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)1.90
Population, Census, April 1, 20102,853,118
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20107.20
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201025.50
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201013.20
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201050.40
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201083.80
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20105.90
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20101.00
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20102.40
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20100.10
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20103.00
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)10.50
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201078.20
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015198,396
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20156.90
Housing units, April 1, 20101,233,215
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201566.70
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015132,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,282
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015455
Median gross rent, 2011-2015757
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20151,113,472
Persons per household, 2011-2015253.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201583.50
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201511.30
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201590.20
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201531.00
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20158.60
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent10.60
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201566.30
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201561.60
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)4,873,411
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)18,248,370
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)86,076,260
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)60,226,324
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)38,276,461
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)13,263
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201519
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201552,205
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201527,706
Persons in poverty, percent13.00
All firms, 2012239,118
Men-owned firms, 2012125,169
Women-owned firms, 201277,194
Minority-owned firms, 201226,127
Nonminority-owned firms, 201226,127
Veteran-owned firms, 201221,610
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012203,401
Population per square mile, 201035
Land area in square miles, 201081,759