Louisiana is a state located in the Southern United States. Louisiana is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are the local government's equivalent to counties. The largest parish by population is East Baton Rouge Parish, and the largest by total area is Plaquemines. Louisiana is bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, Texas to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)4,681,666
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)4,533,479
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)3.30
Population, Census, April 1, 20104,533,372
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.90
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201024.70
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201012.30
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.00
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201062.60
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 201032.00
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.70
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20101.50
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.60
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)4.20
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201060.30
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015281,989
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20154.00
Housing units, April 1, 20101,964,981
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201565.80
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015144,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,200
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015317
Median gross rent, 2011-2015788
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20151,727,919
Persons per household, 2011-2015260.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201586.30
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20158.50
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201583.40
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201522.50
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-201511.00
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent13.80
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201560.40
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201556.00
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)11,697,949
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)27,951,792
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)271,191,050
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)68,012,838
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)61,396,364
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)13,342
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201525
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201545,047
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201524,981
Persons in poverty, percent19.60
All firms, 2012414,291
Men-owned firms, 2012215,111
Women-owned firms, 2012151,114
Minority-owned firms, 2012126,100
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012126,100
Veteran-owned firms, 201242,211
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012354,460
Population per square mile, 2010105
Land area in square miles, 201043,204