Massachusetts officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named for the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the area. The capital of Massachusetts and the most populous city in New England is Boston. Over 80% of Massachusetts' population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry.[43] Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade,[44] Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution.[45] During the 20th century, Massachusetts' economy shifted from manufacturing to services.[46] Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)6,811,779
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)6,547,813
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)4.00
Population, Census, April 1, 20106,547,629
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20105.60
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201021.70
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201013.80
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.60
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201080.40
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20106.60
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.30
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20105.30
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20102.60
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)9.60
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201076.10
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015355,083
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-201515.50
Housing units, April 1, 20102,808,254
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201562.10
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015333,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20152,063
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015717
Median gross rent, 2011-20151,102
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20152,549,721
Persons per household, 2011-2015253.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201587.10
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201522.50
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201589.80
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201540.50
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20157.90
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent3.30
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201567.50
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.40
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)17,508,975
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)63,583,090
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)81,927,799
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)123,904,370
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)92,915,380
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)13,980
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201529
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201568,563
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201536,895
Persons in poverty, percent11.50
All firms, 2012607,664
Men-owned firms, 2012357,158
Women-owned firms, 2012199,210
Minority-owned firms, 201289,967
Nonminority-owned firms, 201289,967
Veteran-owned firms, 201258,339
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012525,667
Population per square mile, 2010839
Land area in square miles, 20107,800