Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.[5] With over six million residents, it is the 18th most populous state. The largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia. The capitol is in Jefferson City on the Missouri River. The state is the 21st most extensive. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber, minerals, and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the eastern border of the state.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)6,093,000
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)5,988,928
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)1.70
Population, Census, April 1, 20105,988,927
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.50
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201023.80
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201014.00
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.00
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201082.80
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 201011.60
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.50
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20101.60
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20100.10
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20102.10
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)3.50
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201081.00
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015451,342
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20153.90
Housing units, April 1, 20102,712,729
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201567.20
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015138,400
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,210
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015402
Median gross rent, 2011-2015746
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20152,364,688
Persons per household, 2011-2015248.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201583.90
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20156.00
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201588.40
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201527.10
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-201510.40
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent11.40
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.20
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201559.30
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)12,430,310
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)40,089,316
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)111,535,362
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)91,916,351
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)90,546,581
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)15,036
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201523
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201548,173
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201526,259
Persons in poverty, percent14.80
All firms, 2012491,606
Men-owned firms, 2012257,948
Women-owned firms, 2012162,616
Minority-owned firms, 201261,035
Nonminority-owned firms, 201261,035
Veteran-owned firms, 201249,217
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012415,542
Population per square mile, 201087
Land area in square miles, 201068,742