Mississippi is a state in the southern region of the United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico. Its western border is formed by the Mississippi River. The state has a population of approximately 3 million. It is the 32nd most extensive and the 32nd most populous of the 50 United States. Located in the center of the state, Jackson is the state capital and largest city, with a population of approximately 175,000 people.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)2,988,726
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)2,968,103
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)0.70
Population, Census, April 1, 20102,967,297
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20107.10
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201025.50
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201012.80
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.40
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201059.10
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 201037.00
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.50
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20100.90
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.10
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)2.70
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201058.00
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015184,774
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20152.30
Housing units, April 1, 20101,274,719
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201568.40
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015103,100
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,077
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015341
Median gross rent, 2011-2015717
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20151,096,593
Persons per household, 2011-2015264.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201586.10
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20153.90
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201582.30
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201520.70
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-201511.90
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent14.80
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201557.50
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201553.70
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)6,999,175
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)16,630,587
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)66,441,608
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)28,302,952
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)37,053,190
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)12,413
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201524
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201539,665
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201521,057
Persons in poverty, percent22.00
All firms, 2012235,454
Men-owned firms, 2012125,079
Women-owned firms, 201289,159
Minority-owned firms, 201274,824
Nonminority-owned firms, 201274,824
Veteran-owned firms, 201226,789
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012198,566
Population per square mile, 201063
Land area in square miles, 201046,923