Montana is a state in the Western region of the United States. The state's name is derived from the Spanish word montaƱa (mountain). Montana has several nicknames, although none official,[6] including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".[7] Montana has a 545-mile (877 km) border with three Canadian provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, the only state to do so.[8][9] It also borders North Dakota and South Dakota to the east, Wyoming to the south, and Idaho to the west and southwest.[8] Montana is ranked 4th in size, but 44th in population and 48th in population density of the 50 United States. The western third of Montana contains numerous mountain ranges. Smaller island ranges are found throughout the state. In total, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains. The eastern half of Montana is characterized by western prairie terrain and badlands.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)1,042,520
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)989,414
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)5.40
Population, Census, April 1, 2010989,415
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.30
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201022.60
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201014.80
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201049.80
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201089.40
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20100.40
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20106.30
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20100.60
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20100.10
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20102.50
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)2.90
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201087.80
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-201590,000
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20152.10
Housing units, April 1, 2010482,825
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201567.20
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015193,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,294
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015387
Median gross rent, 2011-2015711
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-2015409,394
Persons per household, 2011-2015241.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201583.60
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20154.10
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201592.80
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201529.50
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20159.10
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent14.00
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.60
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201559.50
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)2,420,455
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)6,469,475
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)11,535,236
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)12,645,824
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)15,623,573
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)15,544
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201518
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201547,169
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201526,381
Persons in poverty, percent14.60
All firms, 2012112,419
Men-owned firms, 201255,913
Women-owned firms, 201235,449
Minority-owned firms, 20125,578
Nonminority-owned firms, 20125,578
Veteran-owned firms, 201211,486
Nonveteran-owned firms, 201293,393
Population per square mile, 20107
Land area in square miles, 2010145,546