North Carolina



North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The state borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th most extensive and the 9th most populous of the U.S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties. The capital is Raleigh. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, which is the second largest banking center in the United States after New York City.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)10,146,788
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)9,535,688
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)6.40
Population, Census, April 1, 20109,535,483
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.60
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201023.90
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201012.90
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.30
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201068.50
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 201021.50
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20101.30
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20102.20
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20100.10
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20102.20
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)8.40
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201065.30
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015696,119
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20157.70
Housing units, April 1, 20104,327,528
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201565.10
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015154,900
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,248
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015373
Median gross rent, 2011-2015797
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20153,775,581
Persons per household, 2011-2015254.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201584.70
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201511.20
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201585.80
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201528.40
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20159.60
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent13.10
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201561.80
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201557.70
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)18,622,258
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)55,227,505
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)202,344,646
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)105,275,586
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)120,691,007
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)12,376
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201524
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201546,868
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201525,920
Persons in poverty, percent16.40
All firms, 2012805,985
Men-owned firms, 2012435,677
Women-owned firms, 2012287,058
Minority-owned firms, 2012183,380
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012183,380
Veteran-owned firms, 201286,571
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012684,743
Population per square mile, 2010196
Land area in square miles, 201048,618