Pennsylvania officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth borders Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)12,784,227
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)12,702,857
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)0.60
Population, Census, April 1, 201012,702,379
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20105.70
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201022.00
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201015.40
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201051.30
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201081.90
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 201010.80
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.20
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20102.70
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.90
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)5.70
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201079.50
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015870,770
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20156.30
Housing units, April 1, 20105,567,315
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201569.20
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015166,000
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,425
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015498
Median gross rent, 2011-2015840
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20154,958,859
Persons per household, 2011-2015249.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201588.00
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201510.60
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201589.20
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201528.60
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20159.50
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent7.50
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201562.80
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201558.30
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)23,504,192
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)96,329,248
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)231,396,178
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)191,170,147
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)178,794,945
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)14,008
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201526
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201553,599
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201529,291
Persons in poverty, percent13.20
All firms, 2012975,453
Men-owned firms, 2012579,400
Women-owned firms, 2012304,803
Minority-owned firms, 2012131,512
Nonminority-owned firms, 2012131,512
Veteran-owned firms, 201297,969
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012837,792
Population per square mile, 2010284
Land area in square miles, 201044,743