South Dakota



South Dakota is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the 17th most expansive, but the 5th least populous and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Once the southern part of the Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 171,000, is South Dakota's largest city.

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EDO Website South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development
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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)865,454
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)814,195
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)6.30
Population, Census, April 1, 2010814,180
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20107.30
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201024.90
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201014.30
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201050.00
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201085.90
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20101.30
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20108.80
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20100.90
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20102.10
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)2.70
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201084.70
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-201563,742
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20153.00
Housing units, April 1, 2010363,438
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201568.10
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015140,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,210
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015433
Median gross rent, 2011-2015655
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-2015330,858
Persons per household, 2011-2015245.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201583.40
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20156.50
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201590.90
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201527.00
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20158.40
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent12.00
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201568.60
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201564.60
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)1,873,699
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)6,211,731
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)16,882,647
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)20,411,059
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)13,791,827
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)16,550
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201517
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201550,957
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201526,747
Persons in poverty, percent13.70
All firms, 201281,314
Men-owned firms, 201242,418
Women-owned firms, 201223,722
Minority-owned firms, 20124,101
Nonminority-owned firms, 20124,101
Veteran-owned firms, 20128,604
Nonveteran-owned firms, 201266,219
Population per square mile, 201011
Land area in square miles, 201075,811