Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders the other U.S. states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Lake Champlain forms half of Vermont's western border with the state of New York and the Green Mountains run north-south the length of the state.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)624,594
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)625,741
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)-0.20
Population, Census, April 1, 2010625,741
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20105.10
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201020.70
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201014.60
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201050.70
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201095.30
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20101.00
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20100.40
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20101.30
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.70
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)1.50
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201094.30
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-201544,708
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20154.30
Housing units, April 1, 2010322,539
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201571.00
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015217,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,535
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015641
Median gross rent, 2011-2015895
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-2015257,167
Persons per household, 2011-2015234.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201586.50
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20155.40
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201591.80
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201536.00
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-201510.00
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent4.60
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201566.60
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.60
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)1,564,272
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)4,457,996
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)9,315,494
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)6,450,076
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)9,933,751
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)15,868
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201523
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201555,176
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201529,894
Persons in poverty, percent10.20
All firms, 201275,827
Men-owned firms, 201241,270
Women-owned firms, 201223,417
Minority-owned firms, 20122,354
Nonminority-owned firms, 20122,354
Veteran-owned firms, 20128,237
Nonveteran-owned firms, 201263,317
Population per square mile, 201068
Land area in square miles, 20109,217