Washington is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States located north of Oregon, west of Idaho, and south of the Canadian province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Named after George Washington, the first President of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which had been ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State or the State of Washington to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the U.S., which is often shortened to Washington.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)7,288,000
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)6,724,545
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)8.40
Population, Census, April 1, 20106,724,540
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.50
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201023.50
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201012.30
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201050.20
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201077.30
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20103.60
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20101.50
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20107.20
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 20100.60
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20104.70
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)11.20
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201072.50
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015564,864
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-201513.40
Housing units, April 1, 20102,885,677
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201562.50
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015259,500
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,731
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015511
Median gross rent, 2011-20151,014
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20152,668,912
Persons per household, 2011-2015256.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201582.50
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-201518.90
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201590.40
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201532.90
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20158.90
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent7.60
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.50
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201558.50
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)14,297,278
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)43,966,889
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)131,530,601
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)83,313,366
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)118,924,049
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)17,243
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201526
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201561,062
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201531,762
Persons in poverty, percent12.20
All firms, 2012541,522
Men-owned firms, 2012262,650
Women-owned firms, 2012187,677
Minority-owned firms, 201292,807
Nonminority-owned firms, 201292,807
Veteran-owned firms, 201249,331
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012461,401
Population per square mile, 2010101
Land area in square miles, 201066,456