Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

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Census Data

Population estimates, July 1, 2016, (V2016)5,778,708
Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2016)5,687,289
Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2016, (V2016)1.60
Population, Census, April 1, 20105,686,986
Age and Sex
Persons under 5 years, percent, April 1, 20106.30
Persons under 18 years, percent, April 1, 201023.60
Persons 65 years and over, percent, April 1, 201013.70
Female persons, percent, April 1, 201050.40
Race and Hispanic Origin
White alone, percent, April 1, 201086.20
Black or African American alone, percent, April 1, 20106.30
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, April 1, 20101.00
Asian alone, percent, April 1, 20102.30
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, April 1, 2010
Two or More Races, percent, April 1, 20101.80
Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 2010 (b)5.90
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, April 1, 201083.30
Population Characteristics
Veterans, 2011-2015381,940
Foreign born persons, percent, 2011-20154.80
Housing units, April 1, 20102,624,358
Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2011-201567.30
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2011-2015165,800
Median selected monthly owner costs -with a mortgage, 2011-20151,402
Median selected monthly owner costs -without a mortgage, 2011-2015532
Median gross rent, 2011-2015776
Families and Living Arrangements
Households, 2011-20152,299,107
Persons per household, 2011-2015243.00
Living in same house 1 year ago, percent of persons age 1 year+, 2011-201585.80
Language other than English spoken at home, percent of persons age 5 years+, 2011-20158.70
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201591.00
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2011-201527.80
With a disability, under age 65 years, percent, 2011-20158.20
Persons without health insurance, under age 65 years, percent6.60
In civilian labor force, total, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201567.10
In civilian labor force, female, percent of population age 16 years+, 2011-201563.50
Total accommodation and food services sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)10,303,256
Total health care and social assistance receipts/revenue, 2012 ($1,000) (c)40,680,625
Total manufacturers shipments, 2012 ($1,000) (c)177,728,926
Total merchant wholesaler sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)77,066,883
Total retail sales, 2012 ($1,000) (c)78,201,822
Total retail sales per capita, 2012 (c)13,656
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16 years+, 2011-201522
Income and Poverty
Median household income (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201553,357
Per capita income in past 12 months (in 2015 dollars), 2011-201528,340
Persons in poverty, percent12.10
All firms, 2012432,980
Men-owned firms, 2012236,252
Women-owned firms, 2012133,859
Minority-owned firms, 201240,507
Nonminority-owned firms, 201240,507
Veteran-owned firms, 201239,830
Nonveteran-owned firms, 2012370,755
Population per square mile, 2010105
Land area in square miles, 201054,158